Simulation surgery started with a reconstructive concept in the mind of the plastic surgeon to simulate, with the skill of their hands and surgical instruments, tissue which appears normal in both structure and function. The visualization aspect was taken over by computers, and has been extended in several key fields: the creation of both 3-dimensional operable models in reality and virtual reality for both practice and education; the ability to sculpt perfect prostheses for implantation and replacement; and the development of both robotic and telesurgery. The practice of the art remains however in the hands of the surgeon.
The World Society for Simulation Surgery (WSSS) has the following aims:
- To act as a forum for all those engaged in every aspect of simulation surgery as it has developed and will continue to develop, extending the scope beyond that of the plastic surgeon and embracing all specialties including computing, engineering and design
- To encourage international friendship and cooperation between physicians, clinicians, healthcare professionals, scientists and engineers
- To enable panspeciality cooperation and learn from each other
- To expand the knowledge and practice of the art, for the benefit of the profession and our patients.